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Diigo newsmarks 07/19/2010

七月 19, 2010
  • tags: y英国 z政府信息再利用与著作权

    • In the majority of cases the article in question would not have been previously published. Any subsequent re-use of previously published articles would be covered under the terms of the PSI Click-Use Licence.

      It does not cover re-use of departmental logos and the Royal
      Arms.

  • tags: y英国 z政府信息再利用与著作权 x信息公开与著作权 d档案公开

    • Public Records:

      Public Records, for the purposes of this guidance, are the
      records of central government in the United Kingdom and its
      constituent countries, and of the central courts of law, including
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      Public Records (Scotland) Act 1937, the Public Records Act
      (Northern Ireland) 1923 and the Government of Wales Act 1998.

    • Public Record Repositories:

      Public Records are preserved in The National Archives, the
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      Assembly for Wales.

      • What is meant by Waiver

        5. For those Public Records which are subject to waiver, users
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        • payment of a fee or royalty; or
        • requiring a specific licence or approval.

        The reproduction of images, including copies of documents, is
        not covered by the waiver (see paragraph 14).

    • 6. The waiver of copyright is, however, subject to the following
      conditions being observed:

      that the source of the Crown Material is provided by quoting the
      archival document reference and the name of the Public Record
      Repository where the records are held on any copies of the material
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      that the material is not used in a misleading context or in a
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      that a complimentary copy of the Work is supplied to the
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    • Public Records which are not Crown Copyright protected

      12. Many Public Records are not Crown copyright protected and
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      13. Copies of any Public Record can be obtained from the
      appropriate Public Record Repository in accordance with section 49
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  • tags: x信息公开与著作权 y英国

    • Information listed in Publication Schemes, which can be
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      copyright information is generally granted in the form of a
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    • Chapter III of The Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988 (CDPA
      88) describes circumstances when copyright material can be
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      • Under
        fair dealing, copyright material can be reproduced for the purposes
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        • Research for non-commercial purposes and private study;
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        • For criticism, review and news reporting.
    • Chapter III of the CDPA 88 also sets out the special
      arrangements that apply to copying copyright material for
      educational use and to copying by libraries and archives
    • Copyright works made by central government qualify for Crown
      copyright protection under section 163 of the CDPA 88. The
      Controller of Her Majesty’s Stationery Office has
      responsibility for the administration and licensing of Crown
      copyright
    • Various categories of Crown copyright material can be
      reproduced without a formal licence. OPSI Online provides details
      of categories of Crown copyright material where this applies,
      including examples of information where the copyright has been
      asserted but waived. This includes government press notices,
      legislation, ministerial speeches, consultation documents,
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    • some of
      the information supplied under the terms of the Act could involve
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      The re-use of these forms of IPR would also require the permission
      of the rightsholder. Information on IPR generally can be found on
      the Patent Office website
    • The copyright in some of the material which may be found
      in this Publication Scheme has been waived, meaning you can
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      speeches, consultation documents, documents featured on official
      websites (except where expressly indicated otherwise), headline
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      www.opsi.gov.uk/advice/crown-copyright/copyright-guidance/index.htm

      For other types of material however, the supply of documents
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      Brief extracts of any of the material included in this
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  • tags: y英国 z政府信息再利用与著作权

  • tags: t台湾 z政府信息再利用与著作权

    • 1.  本網站上所刊載以檔案管理局名義公開發表之著作,即著作人為檔案管理局者,在合理範圍內,得重製、公開播送或公開傳輸,利用時,並請註明出處。

         

              2.  本網站上之資訊,可為個人或家庭非營利之目的而重製。

              3.  為報導、評論、教學、研究或其他正當目的,在合理範圍內,得引用本網站上之資訊,引用時,並請註明出處。

              4.  其他合理使用情形,請參考著作權法第四十四條至第六十五條之規定。

  • tags: t台湾 z政府信息再利用与著作权

    • 著作權法規定不得為著作權之標的(如法律、命令、公務員撰擬之講稿、新聞稿等–請參考著作權法第9條規定
    • 上述不得為著作權標的者,任何人均得自由利用,歡迎各界廣為利用
    • 本處網站資訊內容受著作權法保護者,除有合理使用情形外,應取得該著作財產權人同意或授權後,方得利用
    • 上述〝合理使用情形〞,說明如下:

      (1)本處網站上所刊載以本處名義公開發表之著作,即著作人為本處者,在合理範圍內,得重製、公開播送或公開傳輸,利用時,並請註明出處。

      (2)本處網站上之資訊,可為個人或家庭非營利之目的而重製。

      (3)為報導、評論、教學、研究或其他正當目的,在合理範圍內,得引用本處網站上之資訊,引用時,並請註明出處。

      (4)其他合理使用情形,請參考著作權法第四十四條至第六十五條之規定。

  • tags: z政府信息再利用 y英国 x信息公开与信息再利用 z政府信息再利用与著作权 x信息公开与著作权

    • Supply of information under the Freedom of Information Act does not give the person or organisation the automatic right to reuse the documents in a way which will infringe copyright, for example, by making multiple copies, publishing or issuing copies to the public.
    • If you would like to reuse Crown copyright protected material, please apply for a Click-Use Licence. The Click-Use online licensing system for the re-use of Crown and Parliamentary copyright information now also covers information produced by public sector organisations such as local authorities, the NHS, police and fire services.
    • You can apply online or by email  (using the links below), or by writing to:

      Office of Public Sector Information
      Information Policy Team
      Kew
      Richmond
      Surrey
      TW9 4DU

    • Further information on Crown copyright policy and licensing arrangements is available in guidance featured on the OPSI  website at the links below:
    • Some Crown material is subject to a waiver, which means that it may be reproduced in any format, free of charge, without obtaining official permission. Categories of Crown material for which copyright has been waived include government press notices, legislation and explanatory notes on the legislation, ministerial speeches, consultation documents, some documents on official websites.
  • tags: z政府信息再利用 x学术论文 z政府信息再利用与著作权

    • 美国著作权法第105条规定:美国联邦政府之任何著作均不享有著作权保护。但不包括因转让、遗赠或其他原因而取得著作权之情形。
    • 德国著作权法第5条关于官方著作(Official Works),于第1项规定:法律、命令、官方命令与通知,以及判决及官方做成之判决理由,不受著作权法保护。但为避免官方文件被擅自修改或不当利用,同条第2项规定,著作权法关于禁止修改及注明出处的规定仍应准用。
    • 新西兰在1994年著作权法中虽然明文规定联邦或任何部门所完成的著作,其著作权归皇室所有,但第27条删除了原有的皇室对法案、法令、判决、国会记录等的著作权。
    • 日本著作权法第13条规定,相当于下列任何一项的作品,不能根据本章规定成为权利的对象:(1)宪法及其他法令;(2)国家或者地方公共团体的机关所发布的告示、训令、通知及其他类似的文件;(3)法院的判决、决定、命令和审判以及按照审判手续由行政机关所作出的裁决和决定;(4)前三项所列的翻译作品和编写作品,由国家或者地方公共团体的机关所编写者
    • 我国台湾著作权法第9条规定:下列各款不得为著作权之标的:1)宪法、法律、命令或公文;2)中央或地方机关就前款著作作成之翻译物或编辑物。前项第一款所称公文,包括公务员于职务上草拟之文告、讲稿、新闻稿及其它文书。
    • 我国著作权法第5条规定:”本法不适用于:法律、法规,国家机关的决议、决定、命令和其他具有立法、行政、司法性质的文件,及其官方正式译文。
    • 据英国政府部门绿皮书所述,享有著作权的英国政府出版物有:立法与司法资料,例如,国会通过之法律(Act of Parliament)、法规汇编(Statutory Instruments)、命令、赦令书(Command Paper)、政府部门报告书、法院判决与报告等;准立法资料,例如:公路法、政府程序手册、政府海报、国定中小学课程、政府新闻公告等;公共之政府资讯,例如:新闻公告、政府宣传简册、统计资料、协议文件(Consultative Documents)、政府单位年度报告等;无安全顾虑但未出版之文件资料,例如:可公开之档案文献、内阁报告或演讲内容等。
          皇室享有政府出版物著作权的规定有利于维护政府出版物的权威性,但限制了众多商业出版机构出版发行政府出版物。
    • 美国政府早已认为任何人不得对政府出版物持有特权。其著作权法规定著作权保护并不适用于美国政府的任何著作,即使法院判决的文件也属无著作权的公共财产。美国国会报告、国会意见、听证会记录、国会辩论记录、国会档案、法院资料以及由美国具体实施部门–国防部、内政部、劳动部、总统办公室等出版发行的文件就放在美国政府印刷局(GPO)的网站上供所有人使用。
    • 英国及英联邦国家对政府部门或受雇人员或有劳务契约关系完成的职务作品均享有著作权,其著作权自著作完成时起归皇室所有。1988年英国著作权法第163条则再修正为”由英皇或政府部门官员或公务员职务上完成之著作。”
          新西兰1994年著作权法第26条明文规定,联邦或任何政府部门的受雇人员或有劳务契约关系的相关人员所完成的著作,其著作权自著作完成时起归皇室所有。
          澳大利亚1968年著作权法第176条至178条规定,澳洲联邦或各州所完成之著作,包括在政府指示或控制下,以及出资委托所完成者,其著作权自著作完成时起归皇室所有。
          加拿大1985年著作权法第12条亦明文规定,联邦或任何政府部门指示或控制(direct or control)下所完成的著作,其著作权自著作完成时起归英皇所有。
    • 美国著作权法虽规定美国联邦政府的任何著作不受著作权法保护,但各州及地方政府并未放弃对政府出版物的著作权保护。英国也并非所有政府出版物一律享有著作权保护。
    • 台湾著作权法则根据不同情形对职务作品是否享有著作权规定得非常详细。例如,不享有著作权的包括公务员于职务上草拟之文告、讲稿、新闻稿及其它文书。而”以中央或地方机关或公法人名义公开发表的著作”,如政府之政策白皮书、研究报告或国家公园人文自然调查报告等,则仍受著作权法保护。利用该著作,除有著作权法合理使用的情形外,仍应经该著作财产权人的同意,否则将构成侵权。
    • 在”法律”的著作权归属上,澳大利亚新南威尔士州的做法更为明智。该州虽然在1993年就已放弃了对州法令的著作权保护,但保留了重新主张著作权的权利,并要求该等法令必须被准确地印行,且印制者应明确地标明其非属官方版本。按照该法,政府既主张官方法律汇编出版的权利,又不排斥非官方版本,只需对非官方版本加以标明,既保护了官方法律文本的权威性,又鼓励了非官方授权的出版机构传播法律的行为
    • 领导的讲话、政府官员在执行公务活动中代表政府的发言、公务员起草的文件、工作报告等等是行政文件还是属于职务作品?如果是职务作品,著作权是属于国家还是单位法人或其他权利人?
    • 政府出版物中有很大一部分属于由政府获取的信息形成的出版物,典型的如:全国、地方及行业的统计报告、统计年鉴;工商登记记录形成的企业名录;海关进出口报关材料形成的海关进出口统计报告,等等。著作权法中没有对这类作品的著作权归属作明确规定。这些出版物的主体内容并不是编辑者的创作成果,用职务著作的法律条款来规范有些牵强。按著作权法有关职务作品条款规定,著作权由法人或者其组织享有。这些作品并非该机构的创作成果,而其收集信息的过程是由国家财政支持的,它的著作权归属应与一般法人和其他组织支撑完成的职务作品有本质的不同,否则这些部门和机构因此成为这些商业化出版物的权利人,公共物品性质的出版物为个别机构的垄断性部门所有。我国统计部门申明拥有统计资料的著作权,以统计资料的出版发行作为单位的收入来源,曾引起媒体质疑。
    • 我国台湾对此则有相当明确的规定。台湾著作权法在第11、12条中对公务员基于受雇关系在职务上完成的著作和依出资聘人完成著作关系所形成的著作在何种情况国家享有著作权、何种情况国家享有财产权、何种情况国家享有利用权都有非常详细的规定。例如,公务员基于受雇关系在职务上完成的著作,依著作权法第11条第1项但书及第3项之规定,国家政府机关得与所属公务员订定契约,约定公务员职务上之著作以国家为著作人。
          正是由于台湾著作权法对公务员职务作品的规定非常明确,使其在实际中能够充分利用。例如,台湾政府研究資訊系統 GRB http://www.grb.gov.tw 的网站上就明确表示,职务行为发表的作品包括:公务员的考察报告、公务员本身的职务作品。任何人都可在网上使用。中華民國政府統計資訊網 http://www.stat.gov.tw/、政府档案等网站表示,这些网站所提供的统计数据、政府档案等均属于政府出版物,并不受著作权保护而可以合理使用。
    • 在大力推行政府信息公开的国度里,政府出版物既是政府信息公开理念的表征,更是实现政府信息公开传播的重要媒介。但在我国,政府出版物的概念还没有形成,对政府出版物的内涵和外延都没有一个明确的定义。政府出版物的概念不清直接影响着其著作权的归属。因此,明确政府出版物的概念,规范政府出版物的著作权归属,对政府出版物通过商业渠道进行广泛传播具有重要意义

Posted from Diigo. The rest of my favorite links are here.

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